Harriet Beecher Stowe and her husband, Calvin Ellis Stowe, lived in this house for a short while. The house is also remarkable for having been the home of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow when he was a student. Today it is owned by Bowdoin College and a National Historical Landmark. You can find it on Federal Street in Brunswick, Maine. Brunswick was settled in 1628 and is considered to be the gateway community to the magnificent middle coast of Maine. Since Pequod is located fairly nearby, Rhe Brewster would probably pass through this historic town fairly regularly. The old architecture alone would be a great draw for her.
The Greek Revival style home was built in 1806 for Franklin and Mary Chamberlin; he was an attorney and state politician. It was originally known as the Stonemore House and combines architectural details like the steep hip-roof and graceful exterior trim with bay windows and porches on each side. The house has a large interior of 4500 square feet, and the facade makes the house appear smaller than it actually is.
The Stowes rented the house when Calvin Stow was hired as a professor at Bowdoin in 1850. Mrs. Stowe went to Brunswick ahead of him to set up the house, while he finished his teaching at the Lane Theological seminary in Cincinnati. She was six months pregnant at the time and arrived in May with the couple’s three oldest children, in the middle of a storm. Luckily the house had been prepared for their arrival. Mrs. Stowe missed her husband and wrote him that the house was a rattletrap that the wind shook, creating many noises – screeching, snapping, cracking and groaning. The last of their seven children, Charley Stowe, was born in the house on July 8, 1850.
Rent for the home was $125, higher than expected, and Mrs. Stowe wrote for several magazines, including the New-York Evangelist and the National Era in Washington, D.C. to offset that expense. Her best-selling anti-slavery novel, Uncle Tom’s Cabin, was written in this house and was based on her experiences from visiting Kentucky and on her interviews with fugitive slaves. The book catapulted her to international celebrity. There is a story that Mrs. Stowe actually wrote the book in a rented room in a house on College Street, to get away from the noise of her children, but this has never been proven. The Stowes stayed in the Federal Street house for only two years, but Mrs. Stowe later remarked those two years were the healthiest and happiest of her life.
At some point, the home was altered and became a restaurant and an inn, with a front desk and gift shop on the first floor and private rooms on the second floor. It was expanded several times to include an attached barn, several ells, and a 54-unit motel. The complex was purchased in 2001 for $1.3 million by Bowdoin College, which rehabilitated the motel for use as a student dormitory. The main house is not currently in use nor open to the public.